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Who Is A Person In America?
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WHO WAS A LEGAL PERSON IN THE PAST?
Did all Americans have the same rights or were there different classes of persons?




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1676 Bacon’s Rebellion Abby W.Bacon's Rebellion was an uprising of farmers led by Nathaniel Bacon that was caused by William Berkeley's friendliness towards the Native Americans. The rebellion led to many more attacks and the burning of Jamestown, Virginia.
1831 Nat Turner leads slave rebellion Michael W. The Nat Turner rebellion was a rebellion lead by Nat Turner and a bunch of slaves. Nat Turner and his gang killed over 40 innocent white people over the course of 2 days.

1832 Black Hawk War Taylor N.Black Hawk War was a 15 week long war cuased by Pioneers forcing Native American Indians out of their homeland. Cheif Black Hawk tied to fight the Pioneers and was successful but eventually caught and jailed.

1838 Cherokee Trail of Tears Lucas S.
In 1838 and 1839, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma. The Cherokee people called this journey the "Trail of Tears," because of its devastating effects. The migrants faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on the forced march.

1848 Seneca Fall Convention Reyna L
280 people met on July 19th and 20th for the Seneca Falls Convention in New York; these civil rights activists wrote a document called the Declaration of Sentiments which stated the civil liberties that women in America were not being granted. This was the first convention in America that dealt directly with women's rights, although there would be many to follow.
1854 Know Nothing Party Katie Vw.This was a short lived anti-immigrant political party that started riots against Irish and German immigrants. They were nick-named the 'know-nothings' because they would always reply "I know nothing" when asked questions.
1855 The Chinese Six Companies Organize Place your first name, last initial here. *
1857 Dred Scott v Sandford Jill W. In 1957, A slave from Missouri named Dred Scott sued for freedom from his owner John Stanford. He argued that since he was free when he lived with his owner in Illinois (which was a free state), and even though he moved back to Missouri, he should be considered free. Later the US Supreme Court ruled that blacks were not US citizens and so they couldn't be entitled to the right to sue in federal courts, and no slave, free or not, could be considered a citizen of the United States.
1863 New York City Draft Riots Place your first name, last initial here.
1863 Fort Wagner and 54th Massachusetts Emma P. In 1863, the 54th Massachusetts, the only fully black regiment, led by Colonel Robert Shaw attacked Fort Wagner. Fort Wagner was a highly protected base in the south, bordering the ocean, it was hard get a good attack position.
1864 Sand Creek Massacre Jack B. The Sand Creek Massacre was the murder of about 400-600 Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians by 750 Colorado Volunteers lead by Colonel John M. Chivington on November 29, 1864.
1866 KKK organized by Nathan Bedford Forrest Matt Y. In 1866 six men in Tennessee created a group for Confederate extremists called THe Ku Klux Klan. In 1867 Nathan Bedford Forrest a Confederate Civil War General for the State of Tennessee was named Grand Wizard and overall leader of the KKK.
1869 Wyoming Passes First Women’s Suffrage Law Elena M. In 1869, in Wyoming, women were granted the right to vote after twenty one years of debate on whether or not they should.
1877 Hayes Tilden Compromise Place your first name, last initial here.*
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act Place your first name, last initial here. *
1887 Dawes Act Jacob B. The Dawes Act allowed Indians to own individual land and become an American citizen, this created some positive and negative outcomes.
1890 Massacre at Wounded Knee John M.The 1890 Massacre at Wounded Knee was a battle between the Lakota Indians and the U.S. troops over the Ghost Dance rites because the U.S. saw the rites as a threat.
1895 Booker T. Washington’s Compromise—goals for the freedman Gigi F. Booker T. Washington proposed the Atlanta Compromise which told African Americans to back down a little and wait for their freedoms.
1896 Plessy v FergusonLydia E.
In the case Plessy versus Ferguson 1896, the Supreme Court of the United States had to decide, weather the law of Louisiana, which says that there have to be separate wagons for white and colored people in trains, violates the Constitutions of the United States.


1896 Chinese Boycott, Hum Lay, et al v Baldwin Place your first name, last initial here. *
1906 Buffalo Soldiers attacked in Brownsville, Texas Alexandra K. The Buffalo Soldiers were an all African-American troop in the US Army. They were involved in many different wars and were very successful. Even though they were praised for their war tactics, they were also cruelly discriminated against by the civilians, and even the government, in the places where they were stationed.
1905 Niagara Movement, W.E. B. Du Bois Place your first name, last initial here. *
1907 Gentleman’s Agreement with Japan Place your first name, last initial here. *
1910 Leo Frank Trial Ben C. Leo Frank was a Jewish American businessman who was accused of murdering a thirteen year old child named Mary Phagan. Even though he was thought to be innocent, he was lynched anyway.

1915 Second KKK Ashley M. Beginning stongly in the 1920's, the KKK was not only anti-black and anti-republican, but there was also anti-Catholicism, anti-Communism, nativism, and anti-Semetism. The country was affected because if they went against the KKK's beliefs, they could be fought against violently.

1916 Margaret Sanger opens Birth Control Clinic Sarah M. Birth control was a largely debated topic in the 1900's, there were laws made against it such as the Comstock Act. Margaret Sanger was a woman who believed in birth control, she started the first ever birth control clinic in 1916, which was stopped after a short ten days. Margaret Sanger continued to fight for a woman's right to birth control and it finally was accepted in the 1990's.
1920 Ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment Place your first name, last initial here. *
1921 Tulsa Race Riots Domenic T. After a black man accused of a false charge of sexual assault on a white women in Tulsa Oklahoma, race riots broke out and lead to destruction.
1921 Sacco and Vanzetti Trial John STwo Italian immigrants were put to death after being convited of killing to people and a robbery.
1927 Buck v Bell Place your first name, last initial here. *
1931 Scottsboro Boys Trial Lexie M. The Scottsboro Boys Trial was a case where two white women accused nine African-American boys of rape, the trial went all the way to the supreme court and lasted nearly two decades.
1934 Indian Reorganization Act Emily MThe Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 was set to preserve Native American cultures and give back what had been taken away during the settlement of the United States.
1941 A. Philip Randolph’s march to Washington (Executive Order 8802) Sarah H. Phillip Randolph in 1940 organized a march of 100,000 African-Americans through Washington to ban discrimination in the defense industry. The march never took place but Phillip Randolph frightened President Roosevelt with the possibility of it occurring,forcing him to create the Executive Order 8802 on June 25, 1941 to stop the unfairness.
1944 Tuskegee Airmen Michael M

The Tuskegee Airmen is the name that is generally given to the 332nd Fighter Group during WWII. The 332nd was the only US fighter group in which all pilots, ground crews and support personnel were Negroes.

1942 Japanese Internment—Executive Order 9066 Mitch N.
This was when around 100,000 Japanese-Americans were placed into barbed wire camps during WWII after the attacks on Pearl Harbor because the government was unsure about their loyalty. Yet, the government did not try to distinguish between who was and was not loyal
1947 Hollywood Blacklist Zach O.The Hollywood Blacklist was a group of 10 people who were banned from their jobs and activities because they favored the American Communist Party.
1948 Armed Services Desegregated- Executive Order 9981 Place your first name, last initial here.*
1948 Shelley v Kramer Elizabeth L.In 1948 the Shelley's an African- American family moved into a neighborhood in St. Louis, Missouri. The Kramer's, a Caucasian family was concerned about this and took them to court, wanting them to move out of this neighborhood because it was said to raise alarm in the neighborhood. This case got appealed all the way to the Supreme Court.
1954 Brown v Board of Education Andrew S.
The 1954 Brown v.s Board of education was a fight against diversity. It was fought to create equal balance among students and even teachers.

1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott Max R. - Sparked by the arrest Rosa Parks, the African American community of Montgomery Alabama boycotted the city buses to protest against the segregation laws.
1960 Greensboro Sit-ins Brooks M.
A group of boys from the African-American North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College were refused service at a lunch counter, so they stayed in their seats until they got the service they wanted. This started many different sit-ins across the nation, which helped in the civil rights movement.
1961 Freedom Rides Brian M.
A group of black and white people rode buses from Washington D.C. to Atlanta, Georgia to test supreme court rulings that banned segregation of interstate busing and busing terminals.
1961 Mapp v Ohio Stacy G. After police entered a home without a proper warrant, evidence found against Dollree Mapp is considered unusable because the police violated Mapp's 4th amendment right.
1965 Executive Order 11246, Affirmative Action Place your first name, last initial here. *
1966 Miranda v Arizona Place your first name, last initial here. *
1969 Indian occupation of Alcatraz Arabella M.Was the occupation of American Indians on the island of Alcatraz, they took over the island and claimed it as Indian Land.
1972 Furman v Georgia Corbin D.
William Henry Furman, a 26 year-old African American, broke into someones home and shot and killed the person. He was sentenced to life in prison and to the death penalty.
1972 Title IX of the Education Amendments Givi G. In 1972 Bernise Sandler, a normal everyday women in the work place was searching for a teaching job at the University of Maryland, became appauled when she found that men were recieving better pay, higher ranks, and more employment than any woman at the university so she took her argument to the U.S. congress for woman to have a more fair game in society.
1973 San Antonio Independent School District v Rodriguez Blaine F. Demetrio Rodriguez was a parent of children in a mostly Mexican-American and low income school district in San Antonio, Texas. In 1997, he sued the school district claiming that higher income areas had more funding for their schools.
1973 Roe v Wade Catt P. Roe v. Wade was the landmark case that established a woman’s constitutional right to an abortion. A single, 23 year old pregnant woman known as “Jane Roe” to protect her privacy had been denied an abortion, and with women dying annually from illegal abortions, abortion was a pressing matter.
1978 University of California v Bakke Bobby B. Allan Bakke was a high school who wanted to attend the university of California but was rejected because he was white. This violated the fourteenth amendment. He sued the university and won the trial.
1990 Americans with Disabilities Act Annie T.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibits employers, governments, private companies, etc. from discriminating against qualified individuals with disabilities in job application procedures, hiring, firing, advancement, compensation, job training, and other terms, conditions, and privileges of emplyment.
1999 Jack Kervorkian Trial
Graham D. Doctor Kevorkian helped terminally ill people commit suicide, which is illegal, and he was jailed for his "crime." His case has opened the discussion about a person's right to end his or her life.
2002 Terri Schiavo Case TJ K. Terri Schiavo was a 26 year old woman who collapsed in her Florida home due to a heart attack. This began an 15 year legal battle on whether she should be kept alive by a machine or not. In the end, it was decided that she should be taken of life support.