ASSIGNMENT: Who Is A Person In America?

Scott v. Stanford Case
Jill Waltz

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Write a journal/newspaper style article in which you take a neutral stance (as a reporter) and give the facts about the actual event. What led up to the event? What happened during the actual event? Did it have an “end” or is it unresolved? You are to write about this event when it happened, you are assuming the role of a reporter in 1850, 1920, etc., not someone looking back from 2011. You need to cite your sources, and they must include information only available during that time period. At least one source must be primary and/or an eyewitness account. Important - This work will be submitted to TurnItIn.com. We will provide you information about using this helpful resource!
Jill Waltz
Scott vs. Stanford Case
African American, Dred Scott sues his owner, Stanford, to regain his lost freedom.

The case between Scott and Stanford finally reached the Supreme Court after lower courts were not able to come to a decision. Scott argues that since he had lived a free man with his owner in Illinois, where slavery is outlawed, he should still be considered a free man even though he now lives in Missouri. Stanford fought back, saying that Scott wasn’t even legally allowed to sue- He’s not considered a “US citizen” in the first place.
The supreme court determined that the Missouri compromise was unconstitutional and that slavery is now allowed in all US states. They also agreed that African Americans aren’t actual US citizens, therefore they do not have the right to sue in federal courts. Lastly, the Supreme Court stated that those African Americans who have achieved freedom could easily loose it. After the case was said and done, tensions rose in both proslavery and antislavery groups, inching the US even closer to a civil war.
In 1868, the Scott Decision was overturned due to the 13th amendment which ended slavery, as well as the 14th amendment which stated anyone born or naturalized in the USA were legal citizens.

"Dred Scott decision." Compton's by Britannica, v 6.0. 2009. eLibrary. Web. 22 Sep. 2011.

Task 1: Mastery Rubric
A quality news article will:
•open with an attention-grabbing headline
•identify the author's name and the date of the publication (in the past)
•develop the 5 W's in three power paragraphs
•paragraph 1: contain an interesting lead
•paragraph 2: correctly cite a secondary source (an indirect quote)
•paragraph 3: correctly cite a primary source (eyewitness account)
•maintain appropriate journalistic voice
•read like an article written in the same time period as the event occurred
•be free of mechanics and Works Cited errors

What is the Argument?
On whether or not a black man is considered "a person" enough to sue in federal courts for freedom that he had once had.
PROMPT 1: Why did the majority of Americans not recognize the rights of members of this group?
Jill Waltz
September 2011
In the Dred Scott Case, the majority of Americans did not recognize Scott’s rights. They didn’t even consider him a citizen of the United States- all because he was an African American. In the average American’s eyes, Scott was “like millions of other black slaves, the St Louis, Missouri resident had been considered a piece of property like a mule or a wagon” (Price, Sean). The Supreme court later ruled that Scott was not considered a citizen of the US, so he could not even sue in federal courts- He didn’t have the right to. This ruling satisfied the pro-slavery group of Americans, but caused even more tension between them, and the anti-slavery groups, pushing us a little closer to a civil war.

Price, Sean. “Slavery’s Big Victory.” New York Times Upfront. 05, Feb. 2001: 23. eLibrary. Web.

PROMPT 2: How did advocates for the minority group shed light on this injustice?
Jill Waltz
Periods 7&8
September 2011

After the trial for Dred Scott was all over, the anti-slavery groups that were on Scott’s side were furious. They were disgusted with the Supreme Court’s ruling, but most southerners were generally pleased- Except John Brown. John Brown was a white, southern man, who tried to start an uprising in 1958. He “wanted to try to attack the federal Arsenal in Virginia, and attempt to take their weapons“(Wallance, Gregory), but it didn’t work out so well.. He only had about 20 men with him after trying to recruit men to join him for two years. This rebellion stood out big time because the man leading all of this was a southern, white man, which was very uncommon. Much later, Scott’s case was overturned due to the passing of the 13th and 14th amendments, that stated that slavery was abolished and that anybody born or naturalized in the United States is a citizen- which included African Americans. So in the end, Scott’s supporters finally got their way.

Wallance, Gregory J. "THE LAWSUIT THAT STARTED THE CIVIL WAR." Civil War Times Illustrated. 01 Mar. 2006: 46. eLibrary. Web. 29 Sep. 2011.

Paragraph 1: Analyze the impact of the literary or artistic work for the minority group and/or American society as a whole.Frederick DouglasWritten by Robert Hayden

When it is finally ours, this freedom, this liberty, this beautiful
and terrible thing, needful to man as air,
usable as earth; when it belongs at last to all,
when it is truly instinct, brain matter, diastole, systole,
reflex action; when it is finally won; when it is more
than the gaudy mumbo jumbo of politicians:
this man, this Douglass, this former slave, this Negro
beaten to his knees, exiled, visioning a world
where none is lonely, none hunted, alien,
this man, superb in love and logic, this man
shall be remembered. Oh, not with statues’ rhetoric,
not with legends and poems and wreaths of bronze alone,
but with the lives grown out of his life, the lives
fleshing his dream of the beautiful, needful thing.

Robert Hayden, “Frederick Douglass” from Collected Poems of Robert Hayden, edited by Frederick Glaysher. Copyright © 1966 by Robert Hayden. Reprinted with the permission of Liveright Publishing Corporation.

This poem relates to my article by expanding on the idea of one day, gaining freedom which is what Scott wanted from the beginning of his life. When it says "When it is finally ours, this freedom, this liberty this beautiful and terrible thing.."(Line 1, Hayden) gives the poem a feeling of hope, which is was Dred Scott had all the way through his trial. It was common knowledge to Scott, and everybody else, that he most likely wasn't going to win the trial, but he kept on fighting anyways. In the end, his trial ended up being over turned and Scott got what he wanted. Even though Scott wasn't alive to see it, blacks got the freedom he fought for mentioned in this poem.

Paragraph 2: CLOSING-- How did the event impact the debate on the argument? The event impacted the debate on the argument by shedding light on the fact that people barely even considered blacks people. It showed how blacks had no rights- they were considered property, not even citizens. In all the articles I read on Elibrary.com, they all emphasized the fact that Scott wasn't even a citizen, and he didn't even have the right to vote. Over all, Scott's case pushed America a little closer to the civil war, and a lot closer to freedom for blacks.
"Dred Scott decision." Compton's by Britannica, v 6.0. 2009. eLibrary. Web. 22 Sep. 2011.
TASK III: Artistic Expression Element Rubric
An outstanding product will.
•showcase a work that expresses a profound idea about your event and the argument surrounding it Good poem choice
•be the best example available, not simply the first one you find
•demonstrate your ability to interpret the meaning of the literary or artistic piece Clarify that this poem is a tribute to Frederick Douglass, written long after slavery ended in the US and then you can show the meaning behind it
•use the extended power paragraph format as a means to express your understanding of the event, argument, and how art literature and art
can reveal emotions and ideas
•reference sources accurately Be sure to cite your sources, especially when you paraphrase information
•mechanics are clean and effective

Rubric for the Time Line Page
An outstanding time line entry includes the following:
• Opens by identifying you, the author, and your event with a banner headline (see an example of a banner on the top of this page).
• Under the banner, in the table place two graphics or photos that illustrates an important aspect of the event.
• Thoughtful responses to each prompt are supported by credible sources representing diverse perspectives on the event.
Each response should be posted in order (follow template instructions), contain few mechanic errors and follow the power paragraph format.
• The credibility of each cited source is established and internal citations accurately match the Works Cited.• TASK I and TASK II each introduce and cite two new sources; TASK III cites one new source.• The Works Cited lists 5 credible sources from the LC databases.