ASSIGNMENT: Who Is A Person In America?

1838 Cherokee Trail of Tears
Lucas S.

Write a journal/newspaper style article in which you take a neutral stance (as a reporter) and give the facts about the actual event. What led up to the event? What happened during the actual event? Did it have an “end” or is it unresolved? You are to write about this event when it happened, you are assuming the role of a reporter in 1850, 1920, etc., not someone looking back from 2011. You need to cite your sources, and they must include information only available during that time period. At least one source must be primary and/or an eyewitness account. Important - This work will be submitted to TurnItIn.com. We will provide you information about using this helpful resource!
Georgia’s gold forces Cherokees to move out of their lands.

Because of a new era gold rush, the Native American Tribe "Cherokee" is forced to move from Georgia to Oklahoma after their deal ruled by the Supreme Court but denied by the President and State Officials is denied.

In 1838 (three years ago) president Andrew Jackson along with state officials from Georgia forced the Native American Cherokee tribe to move out of their lands and march to Oklahoma. Six years ago (1835) gold was discovered around the Georgia area where the Cherokees were located. Afraid that they were going to lose all of their lands, the Cherokee tribe proposed a deal to president Jackson, in which the lands east of the Mississippi River would become part of the U.S. for five million dollars, but it was neglected by both the state officials and president Jackson. The Cherokees received an order stating that they were to move out of their lands and march to Oklahoma, but the tribe disagreed with that, and went to court, protesting for their rights. The court decided that forcing a Native American tribe to move out of their lands was unconstitutional, but president Jackson disagreed with the Court’s decision, and so later in 1838 the march to Oklahoma started.

So far "about 1,000 Cherokees were sent to prison camps" (Ross 1) due to disobeying law enforcers. The march so far has taken many Cherokee lives due to the lack of food and water, and because there wasn't enough time for the ill and tired to rest. "Those tribes cannot exist surrounded by our settlements and in continual contact with our citizens" (Boggs 2) said President Jackson, meaning that the tribes were literally marching to the middle of nowhere so that they would not interfere with the lives of the modern society.

Right now we're expecting to hear back from the Cherokees, but the outlook isn't so good for them, their rights have been corrupted and they values totally vanished.
Task 1: Mastery Rubric
A quality news article will:
•open with an attention-grabbing headline
•identify the author's name and the date of the publication (in the past)
•develop the 5 W's in three power paragraphs
•paragraph 1: contain an interesting lead
•paragraph 2: correctly cite a secondary source (an indirect quote)
•paragraph 3: correctly cite a primary source (eyewitness account)
•maintain appropriate journalistic voice
•read like an article written in the same time period as the event occurred
be free of mechanics and Works Cited errors
What is the Argument?
Was it right to force a Native American tribe to move out of their lands just so the country could obtain more gold?

PROMPT 1: Why did the majority of Americans not recognize the rights of members of this group?

In1838 the Cherokees (Native American tribe) were ordered to march from Georgia to Oklahoma because of a gold rush that was about to take place in Georgia. The Cherokees were abused and treated as slaves throughout their journey. After a year of nonstop marching, the Cherokees finally arrived at their new lands, given to them by president Andrew Jackson. The portion of land that was given to them was hundreds of miles away from civilization because president Jackson didn't want them near the modern society. The Cherokee’s were treated like animals; they were constantly beaten and tortured by the white community. They were different than the American civilization; they didn’t have technology, nor an established small government even thought the Cherokee's proved to the American society that they were "capable of producing their own newspaper, which generated 300 dollars of profit every year." (Boudinot). Many people back then thought that if something behaves like an animal it should be treated as an animal, which led to the horrible way the Cherokees were treated. The 1838 Cherokee Trail of Tears didn’t just impact the Cherokees, but the whole nation. It showed the minority groups that the same thing could happen to them anytime, and it gave the white majority a bigger sense of superiority towards the minority groups.

PROMPT 2: How did advocates for the minority group shed light on this injustice?POST PARAGRAPH HERE

The advocates in this case was the Supreme Court. The Cherokees went to court because they believed that being kicked out of their lands was unconstitutional. The Supreme Court agreed with the Cherokees, allowing them to stay on their homelands. Unfortunately the state officials along with president Andrew Jackson, decided to ignore the Court's decision, therefore making the Cherokees march from Georgia to Oklahoma. That shows how even though the Court was trying to help the Cherokees, the nation's ambition for gold was bigger, and led to this native american tribe to move to another place thousands of miles away "contributing to the destruction of another Native American tribe" (Rex). Even when someone has good intentions towards helping someone, there are always going to be people not striding to help, but striding to gain benefits.

Paragraph 1: Analyze the impact of the literary or artistic work for the minority group and/or American society as a whole.POST PARAGRAPH HERE

America's Poor Man's Poet

By: Del Abe Jones

The whites honor the "Hermitage"
And the man who once lived there
But, that leader of our Nation
Was cruel, unjust, unfair

He ordered the removal
Of the Cherokee from their land
And forced them on a trek
That the Devil must have planned

One thousand miles of misery
Of pain and suffering
Because greed of the white man
Could not even wait till spring

We should bow our heads in shame
Even unto this day
About "The Trail Of Tears"
And those who died along the way

It was October, eighteen thirty-eight
When seven thousand troops in blue
Began the story of the "Trail"
Which, so sadly, is so true

Jackson ordered General Scott
To rout the Indian from their home
The "Center Of The World" they loved
The only one they'd known

The Braves working in the fields
Arrested, placed in a stockade
Women and children dragged from home
In the bluecoats shameful raid

Some were prodded with bayonets
When, they were deemed to move too slow
To where the Sky was their blanket
And the cold Earth, their pillow

In one home a Babe had died
Sometime in the night before
And women mourning, planning burial
Were cruelly herded out the door

In another, a frail Mother
Papoose on back and two in tow
Was told she must leave her home
Was told that she must go

She uttered a quiet prayer
Told the old family dog good-bye
Then, her broken heart gave out
And she sank slowly down to die

Chief Junaluska witnessed this
Tears streaming down his face
Said if he could have known this
It would have never taken place

For, at the battle of Horse Shoe
With five hundred Warriors, his best
Helped Andrew Jackson win that battle
And lay thirty-three Braves to rest

And the Chief drove his tomahawk
Through a Creek Warrior's head
Who was about to kill Jackson
But whose life was saved, instead

Chief John Ross knew this story
And once sent Junaluska to plead
Thinking Jackson would listen to
This Chief who did that deed

But, Jackson was cold, indifferent
To the one he owed his life to
Said, "The Cherokee's fate is sealed
There's nothing, I can do."

Washington, D.C. had decreed
They must be moved Westward
And all their pleas and protests
To this day still go unheard

On November, the seventeenth
Old Man Winter reared his head
And freezing cold, sleet and snow
Littered that trail with the dead

On one night, at least twenty-two
Were released from their torment
To join that Great Spirit in the Sky
Where all good souls are sent

Many humane, heroic stories
Were written 'long the way
A monument, for one of them
Still stands until this day

It seems one noble woman
It was Chief Ross' wife
Gave her blanket to a sick child
And in so doing, gave her life

She is buried in an unmarked grave
Dug shallow near the "Trail"
Just one more tragic ending
In this tragic, shameful tale

Mother Nature showed no mercy
Till they reached the end of the line
When that fateful journey ended
On March twenty-sixth, eighteen thirty-nine

Each mile of this infamous "Trail"
Marks the graves of four who died
Four thousand poor souls in al
Marks the shame we try to hide

You still can hear them crying
Along "The Trail Of Tears"
If you listen with your heart
And not with just your ears

The Never Ending Trail by Del Abe Jones is a poem that describes what happened throughout the Trail of Tears. The American ambition for gold was stronger then the nation's feelings which lead the Cherokees to be kicked out of their lands and go on a march thousands of miles long. In the poem it says "If you listen with your heart and not with your years" (Jones) meaning that during that period of time President Andrew Jackson should have let the Cherokees stay in their lands even though that meant that he would have to find another place to dig for gold. At the time everyone but the supreme court thought it was good idea to kick the Cherokees out of their lands, but if those people could walk in the Cherokee's shoes today, they would see the hell they went through, and how in the end it wasn't worth picking gold over people.

Paragraph 2: CLOSING-- How did the event impact the debate on the argument?POST PARAGRAPH HERE
The poem "The Never Ending Trail" is a fairly recent poem so it really hasn't had much impact on the 1838 Trail of Tears but if it were to have an impact on the people a hundred years ago, they would have regretted their cruel attitude towards the Cherokees. People back then chose to dig for gold and kick the Cherokees out of their lands instead of looking for another place to dig for gold, which resulted in the death of hundreds of Cherokees let alone how many families that were split apart and how many people have to live ill for the rest of their lives. Of course that wasn't the only time when the majority abused and mistreated the minority groups, it was just "one more tragic ending" (Jones). So even though some minority groups might end up working their way out of something terrible like the Cherokee trail of tears, their footprints will always stay in the past to show how often times minorities are mistreated by majority groups.

Works Cited
Boggs, John D. “Along The Trail of Tears.” Boy’s Life 94.2 (2004): 30. eLibrary. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com>.

Boudinot, Elias. “Jacksonian Era Founder of the Native American Press.” American Journalists: Getting the Story (Dec. 1997): . Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com>.

Bowman, Rex. “1838: The Trail of Tears.” The New York Times (Jan. 2005): n. pag. eLibrary. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com>.

Ross, John. “Cherokee Leader.” North American Indians (Dec. 1996): n. pag. Web. 3 Oct. 2011. <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com>.
TASK III: Artistic Expression Element Rubric
An outstanding product will.
•showcase a work that expresses a profound idea about your event and the argument surrounding it Why do you think this incident inspired a contemporary poet?
•be the best example available, not simply the first one you find
•demonstrate your ability to interpret the meaning of the literary or artistic piece Read the line you quoted again, can you clarify the meaning a bit?
•use the extended power paragraph format as a means to express your understanding of the event, argument, and how art literature and art
can reveal emotions and ideas I like your connection to other groups that have suffered in the name of American greed
•reference sources accurately
•mechanics are clean and effective Poem titles in italics

Rubric for the Time Line Page
An outstanding time line entry includes the following:
• Opens by identifying you, the author, and your event with a banner headline (see an example of a banner on the top of this page).
• Under the banner, in the table place two graphics or photos that illustrates an important aspect of the event.
• Thoughtful responses to each prompt are supported by credible sources representing diverse perspectives on the event.
• Each response should be posted in order (follow template instructions), contain few mechanic errors and follow the power paragraph format.
• The credibility of each cited source is established and internal citations accurately match the Works Cited.• TASK I and TASK II each introduce and cite two new sources; TASK III cites one new source.• The Works Cited lists 5 credible sources from the LC databases.