Black Hawk War
Period 7/8
Battle of Bad Axe.jpg
Battle of Bad Axe.jpg

external image blackhawk.jpg?w=343&h=422
Restore Links and Rubric

Chief Black Hawk of the Sauk Indian tribe was jailed yesterday inVirginiaas punishment for his crimes against theUnited States of America. Not only had he fought on the side of the British in 1812 but refused to cede land to theUSA. The issue being that in 1804 the Sauk and Fox had signed a treaty stating that theUScould have all land east of theMississippi Riverand in return remain undisturbed. However Black Hawk denied that the treaty was valid, stating that whomever had signed the treaty was “deceived while intoxicated” (Stewart 473). Black Hawk organized a rebel group to stay on the east side in 1829, he was certain the British would aid him, seeing that he was on their side. Aid never came. War almost broke out when militia and the Army assembled Black Hawk saw he was outnumbered and moved west.
In April of 1832 war erupted. Black Hawk along with 400 warriors and families crossed back intoIllinois. It was the last straw when a messenger from Black Hawk was murdered by Americans. After a quick battle the Americans retreated but regroup and grew stronger in numbers. 15 weeks of war followed and Black Hawk was overtaken on July 28 when 68 Indians were killed, Black Hawk and whomever was left retreated toBadAxeRiver were many more were slaughtered. It seemed as if Black Hawk escaped but reluctant Winnebago turned him into the government. Now we await what happens to Black Hawk next, he is likely to be turned over to Keokuk, a rival Indian of Black Hawk’s.

Task 1: Mastery Rubric
A quality news article will:
•open with an attention-grabbing headline
•identify the author's name and the date of the publication (in the past)
•develop the 5 W's in three power paragraphs
•paragraph 1: contain an interesting lead
•paragraph 2: correctly cite a secondary source (an indirect quote)
•paragraph 3: correctly cite a primary source (eyewitness account)
•maintain appropriate journalistic voice
•read like an article written in the same time period as the event occurred
be free of mechanics and Works Cited errors

What is the Argument?
Why were Native Americans mistreated?

PROMPT 1: Why did the majority of Americans not recognize the rights of members of this group?

For one, Native Americans were a completely different group of people. They had a much different way of life, very different than ours. They had a different culture, which made Americans very questionable of them, and probably scared of them. There was always a question of land, and we never considered if they wanted to keep the land they were living on, we always just forced them to move to wherever. This wasn’t just a one-time occurrence either. Americans also felt that they could do whatever they wanted because they had more advanced weapons and methods of transportation. Americans usually found ways to trick Indians such as intoxicating them, in a book by Kenneth M. Stewart, He writes “At issue was a treaty made at St. Louis in 1804, under the terms of which the Sauk and Fox supposedly agreed to cede all their lands on the eastern side of the Mississippi River and in return remain undisturbed until the country should be opened to settlement. BlackHawk vehemently denied the validity of the 1804 treaty, maintaining that the party of Sauk and Fox who had signed the treaty had had no authority to do so and had been deceived while intoxicated.”

PROMPT 2: How did advocates for the minority group shed light on this injustice?
There weren't many people who faught for Native American rights. Advocates for Native American rights didn't show up into much later after the horendus things that happened to them. One organization, NARF (Native American rights fund) didn't get started until 1970 and other organizations were started even later. This group never really got the support they deserved, unlike African Americans. This is why today Native Americans are a very scarce race of people. It is too bad that people didn't start helping Native Americans any earlier because their sacred customs go back for hundreds of years.

Paragraph 1: Analyze the impact of the literary or artistic work for the minority group and/or American society as a whole.

“The Black Hawk War, or, How to Demolish an Entire Civilization and Still Feel Good About Yourself in the Morning, or, We Apologize for the Inconvenience but You're Going to Have to Leave Now, or, 'I Have Fought the Big Knives and Will Continue to Fight Them Until They Are Off Our Lands!” no lyrics

The song “The Black Hawk War, or, How to Demolish an Entire Civilization and Still Feel Good About Yourself in the Morning, or, We Apologize for the Inconvenience but You're Going to Have to Leave Now, or, 'I Have Fought the Big Knives and Will Continue to Fight Them Until They Are Off Our Lands!” is an interesting reference to the Black Hawk War, for one it has no words but the title says it all. It is a different approach to it because songs typically have a character limit and this clearly exceeds. The song starts with flutes but then the flutes are drowned out by what seems to be a war march theme. This feels like the flutes are representing the peaceful Indians (even though they were not that peaceful) and the louder theme represents the Americans invading the Indians land with force. As well there was a park dedicated to the Black Hawk War and it was taken down, this was a big controversy due to the fact that more Native American culture is being destroyed. This song is mocking how Americans mistreated Native Americans and just basically giving them a lot of crap.

Paragraph 2: CLOSING-- How did the event impact the debate on the argument?

This song made virtually no impact on what has happened to Native Americans, in that the war was almost two hundred years ago. Indians still probably appreciate somebody making a song about what has been done to them. Even so, nothing for the Native Americans got better. No one seemed to care. We didn't appriciate what the Native Americans had and they way there culture was until we destroyed it. They were a simple people but not always such, they had very diverse lifestyle while looking very peacful and easy going, they made life look so nice, they found beauty in the most simple things.
TASK III: Artistic Expression Element Rubric
An outstanding product will.
•showcase a work that expresses a profound idea about your event and the argument surrounding it This has potential, but you need to clarify the work a bit. Is it recorded? Who is the artist/songwriter?
•be the best example available, not simply the first one you find
•demonstrate your ability to interpret the meaning of the literary or artistic piece Good start with a discussion of the instruments and sound of the music
•use the extended power paragraph format as a means to express your understanding of the event, argument, and how art literature and art
can reveal emotions and ideas
•reference sources accurately Be sure to cite your sources
•mechanics are clean and effective Pay attention to red underlining, these are misspelled words