1895 Booker T. Washington’s Compromise—goals for the freedman

Home
TIMELINE TOPICS
ASSIGNMENT: Who Is A Person In America?

Booker T. Washington - Compromise Speech 1895

booker_t..jpg
Booker T. Washington (nps.gov)

m-5166.jpg
Booker T. Washington giving the Atlanta Compromise Speech (Encyclopedia of Alabama)



TASK I:
Write a journal/newspaper style article in which you take a neutral stance (as a reporter) and give the facts about the actual event. What led up to the event? What happened during the actual event? Did it have an “end” or is it unresolved? You are to write about this event when it happened, you are assuming the role of a reporter in 1850, 1920, etc., not someone looking back from 2011. You need to cite your sources, and they must include information only available during that time period. At least one source must be primary and/or an eyewitness account. Important - This work will be submitted to TurnItIn.com. We will provide you information about using this helpful resource!
POST PARAGRAPH HERE

A New Way to Receive Equal Rights and Freedoms
By: Gabrielle Furlong

In the celebration of progress made in the new South, a key note speaker Booker T. Washington comes forth and gives a stirring speach at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta, Georgia on September 18, 1895 (Washington). Slave born, Booker T. Washington sought to express his ideal strategy for receiving equal rights. Blacks should pursue economic progress and eventually prove themselves worthy of earning their rights and freedoms. He believed that It was time for someone to take charge and put this idea out there due to the lynching problems the South is currently facing.

Lynching, the hanging of individual by a mob for the purpose of intimidation, is now becoming a common way of murder in the South. Many whites resent that African Americans demand equal rights and opportunities. In this decade, approximately 1,540 blacks were lynched ("lynchings and Legal..."). In fact it is becoming such an event in public which white families are now going to watch. Ida Wells-Barnet, a well known antilynching crusader and founder of the African American women's club, fights strong to stop the lynching crisis in the South after one of her male friends faced death through lynching. Although she is fighting to stop lynching, she opposes the views of Booker T. Washington and sides with W.E.B. Du Bois joining him in founding the NAACP as they attack Washington's idea of compromise and accommodation while African American's work to earn their freedoms.

W.E.B. Du Boise, founder of the NAACP, is a single individual who encourages African American's to keep demanding their rights and freedoms even though they know the outcome, being lynched. Opposing this thought is slave born, Booker T. Washington, who believed African Americans would be granted political and civil rights once they had proven themselves worthy of those rights instead of demanding rights which allows them to face death through lynching. Booker T. Washington is well known for his famous words, "Cast down your buckets where you are" addressing African Americans to be patient and understand that receiving civil rights and freedoms today is not the way to go, but instead promote constitutional rights by impressing whites with their economic and moral progress (2). Washington's ideas on economic self reliance will remain his lasting legacy.

Works Cited:
"Lynchings and Legal Executions, 1890's-1960's." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.

"antilynching movement." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.

McGuire, William, and Leslie Wheeler. "Booker T. Washington." American Government. ABC-CLIo, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011

"W.E.B. Du Bois." American Government. ABC-CLIO. 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.

"Ida Wells-Barnet." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.


Task 1: Mastery Rubric

A quality news article will:

•open with an attention-grabbing headline

•identify the author's name and the date of the publication (in the past)

•develop the 5 W's in three power paragraphs

•paragraph 1: contain an interesting lead

•paragraph 2: correctly cite a secondary source (an indirect quote)

•paragraph 3: correctly cite a primary source (eyewitness account)

•maintain appropriate journalistic voice

•read like an article written in the same time period as the event occurred

•be free of mechanics and Works Cited errors


TASK II

What is the Argument?
When should African Americans be able to enjoy equal rights and protections of the law.
PROMPT 1: Why did the majority of Americans not recognize the rights of members of this group?An individual named W.E.B. Du Bois devoted his life to the struggle for equality for African Americans by insisting that blacks receive equal rights and protections now. W.E.B. Du Bois encouraged blacks to keep demanding their rights and protections of the law because,"He did not accept Washington's tolerance of social inequality and political subordination (ABC-Clio)." W.E.B. Du Bois never "compromised" the insistence of African Americans being granted equal rights and protections, he was headstrong about receiving those rights, and receiving them now. W.E.B. lived to fight for equality for African Americans and in doing so, he was not patient, he believed it was time to stop waiting and start demanding.
PROMPT 2: How did advocates for the minority group shed light on this injustice?Opposing W.E.B. Du Bois's view was Booker T. Washington, he believed African Americans should receive equal rights and protections of the law but there should be a definite process in which they should receive those rights. Booker T. Washington thought that instead of demanding their rights and protections and receiving them right now, they should, "cast down your buckets where you are (Booker T.)", stop what you're doing, in this case it was speaking out and pressing for rights. Be patient. Booker T. thought instead, prove yourselves worthy of these rights and protections by making a difference and make a difference in the economic standard, meaning work harder and show your work ethic, and improve overall well being through appearance. He believed the more and more african americans demand rights, the harder it will be to receive them, so be patient and prove yourself worthy. In other words, wait for whites to come on board with this problem of inequality, don't risk being killed for just speaking out. Instead, hold back and be patient, wait for whites to recognize you are equal by making a difference in society.

Works Cited
McGuire, William, and Leslie Wheeler. "Booker T. Washington." American Government. ABC-CLIo, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011

"W.E.B. Du Bois." American Government. ABC-CLIO. 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2011.

TASK III


ladder_for_booker_t._washington.jpg
"Lader for Booker T. Washington" video (art21)
"Ladder for Booker T. Washington" (Puyear).


Paragraph 1:"The ladder for Booker T. Washington" created by Martin Puryear, is a great piece of artistic work that shows Booker T. Washington's idea of patiently earning your rights and the whole notion of where you start and where you want to get and how far away it really is and what you have to do to get there. "And Booker T. Washington was someone who made enormous contacts with people in power and had enormous influence, but he was what you would call a gradualist. And so, it really is a question of the view from where you start and the end—the goal (Puyear)." Artist, Martin Puyear created this piece not necesarily for the minority group (African Americans), but created it to impact our society by reminding us about the horrible times blacks went through and the long stretch that they had to reach to achieve their goal, equal rights and protections among the black race. This piece is a well known creation and remains famous for its symbolic meaning.
Paragraph 2:Booker T. Washington's 1895 Atlanta Compromise didn't necessarily resolve the conflict of blacks receiving equal rights and protections of the law, but instead proposed an idea to resolve the issue."Cast down your buckets where you are (Booker T. Washington)." Washington mainly addressed the purpose of being patient, and told blacks to prove yourself worthy of these rights by hard work and appearance and also by making a difference in the economic standard which could be shown through work ethic. This compromise gave blacks a better way of receiving rights instead of just demanding them, risking the potential death sentence. In conclusion, Booker T. made a difference in the way blacks received equal rights and protections even though many opposed his view. Booker T. Washington shall remain a great hero and will best be known for his Atlanta Compromise speech, the ideology of being patient in receiving rights.
Works Cited
Art 21. "Ladder for Booker T. Washington." Rev. of Ladder for Booker T. Washington. Art 21. Pbs.org, 2011. Web. 25
Oct.2011. <http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists/puryear/clip2.html#>.

Puyear, Martin. Ladder for Booker T. Washington. 1996. Sculpture. Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Texas.

TASK III: Artistic Expression Element Rubric
An outstanding product will.
•showcase a work that expresses a profound idea about your event and the argument surrounding it This is an excellent work to use here
•be the best example available, not simply the first one you find
•demonstrate your ability to interpret the meaning of the literary or artistic piece You have clearly tied together your event, this artwork, and Washington's impact
•use the extended power paragraph format as a means to express your understanding of the event, argument, and how art literature and art
can reveal emotions and ideas Be careful to integrate quotes into your own words, never leave a quote as a stand alone sentence
•reference sources accurately Review MLA format for parenthetical citations
•mechanics are clean and effective



Rubric for the Time Line Page
An outstanding time line entry includes the following:
• Opens by identifying you, the author, and your event with a banner headline (see an example of a banner on the top of this page).
• Under the banner, in the table place two graphics or photos that illustrates an important aspect of the event.
• Thoughtful responses to each prompt are supported by credible sources representing diverse perspectives on the event.
• Each response should be posted in order (follow template instructions), contain few mechanic errors and follow the power paragraph format.
• The credibility of each cited source is established and internal citations accurately match the Works Cited.• TASK I and TASK II each introduce and cite two new sources; TASK III cites one new source.• The Works Cited lists 5 credible sources from the LC databases.