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ASSIGNMENT: Who Is A Person In America?

John,

The Black Elk piece is on this site:
http://www.firstpeople.us/articles/Black-Elk-Speaks/Black-Elk-Speaks-The-Butchering-at-Wounded-Knee.html

1890 Massacre at Wounded KneeJohn M.

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TASK I:
Write a journal/newspaper style article in which you take a neutral stance (as a reporter) and give the facts about the actual event. What led up to the event? What happened during the actual event? Did it have an “end” or is it unresolved? You are to write about this event when it happened, you are assuming the role of a reporter in 1850, 1920, etc., not someone looking back from 2011. You need to cite your sources, and they must include information only available during that time period. At least one source must be primary and/or an eyewitness account. Important - This work will be submitted to TurnItIn.com. We will provide you information about using this helpful resource!


U.S. TROOPS MASSACRE OVER 200 AT WOUNDED KNEE
By John Masters
December, 1890
A couple of days ago, on December 29th, 1890, “on the snowy banks of Wounded Knee Creek, nearly 300 Lakota men, women, and children -- old and young -- were massacred in a highly charged, violent encounter with U.S. soldiers,” (Liggett) over the Ghost Dance rites. U.S. troops were sent in to the Pine Ridge Reservation to subdue the Native Americans who were partaking in the Ghost Dance rites and dances. The rites and dances were preformed because a Paiute prophet named Wovoka told the Sioux that the white man would disappear if the followers did this. Instead, the U.S. saw this as a threat and thought it would lead to a revolt so they attacked the Sioux tribe leaving more than 200 Native Americans and around 40 U.S. troops dead in the days after from smaller fights.

Many of the Lakota tried to flee but were pursued by troops until they were captured and killed. Chief Sitting Bull and seven other men were killed in this event while the police were attempting to arrest him but he was resistant.

Works Cited:
Wounded Knee. BGSU, n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://www.bgsu.edu/departments/
acs/1890s/woundedknee/WKIntro.html>.

Task 1: Mastery Rubric
A quality news article will:
•open with an attention-grabbing headline
•identify the author's name and the date of the publication (in the past)
•develop the 5 W's in three power paragraphs
•paragraph 1: contain an interesting lead
•paragraph 2: correctly cite a secondary source (an indirect quote)
paragraph 3: correctly cite a primary source (eyewitness account)
•maintain appropriate journalistic voice
•read like an article written in the same time period as the event occurred
•be free of mechanics and Works Cited errors

TASK II
What is the Argument?
Was there need for military involvement?


PROMPT 1: Why did the majority of Americans not recognize the rights of members of this group?
The majority of Americans did not recognize the Native Americans because they were of a different race and spoke a different language.
The Ghost Dance Rites were not provoking war in any way because they were a dance ritual the Lakota Sioux preformed that was believed to kick the white man out of their land. Even though ,"Wovoka preached nonviolence, whites feared that the movement would spark a great Indian rebellion," (U.S. History). The Americans automatically thought that the Indians would cause an uprising because they were of a different race. One of the Lakota tribal members, Turning Hawk, states that, "A certain falsehood came to our agency from the west which had the effect of a fire upon the Indians," (Turning Hawk). By this, he means that the Americans had a bad connotation of the Ghost Dance rites and immediately thought that, because of the Indian race, that they were meaning harm. Military intervention was not needed to stop the Gohst Dance rites because they would not have lead to uprisings.

Works Cited

Lakota Accounts of the Massacre at Wounded Knee. PBS, n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2011.
<www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/eight/wklakota.htm>.

"The Wounded Knee Massacre." U.S. History. Web. 27 Sept. 2011.
<http://www.ushistory.org/us/40e.asp>.

PROMPT 2: How did advocates for the minority group shed light on this injustice?
Several of the persons of this Lakota minority group were killed but Black Elk wrote about the event from his perspective. Black Elk writes, "The snow drifted deep into the crooked gulch, and it was one long grave of butchered women and children and babies, who had never done any harm and were only trying to run away," (Black Elk). In this passage, he is explaining how innocent people, of all ages, were killed by the American soldiers, and further in the letter he explains how he is happy that they are in heaven and wishes he was there too but he has unfinished business. The men and women killed on that fateful morning were people just as the U.S. troops are people and they should not have been killed.

Elk, Black. Black Elk Speaks. Web. 9 Oct. 2011.
<http://www.firstpeople.us/articles/Black-Elk-Speaks/
Black-Elk-Speaks-The-Butchering-at-Wounded-Knee.html>.

TASK III:

THE GHOST DANCE
by Gary Minshall

THE LITTLE BRAVE WOULD BEAT HIS DRUM
AND 4000 MORE JOINED IN
AND THE RED MOON SHOWED IT'S EERIE GLOW
AS THE DANCE OF GHOST BEGIN

THEY SANG AND DANCED FOR THE BUFFALO
THAT LONG ESCAPED THEIR PAST
AND THE MIGHTY BRAVE WHO CAME TO SAVE
THAT WILL RETURN AGAIN AT LAST

THEY SANG THEIR SONGS OF THE WASHITA
STAINED WITH BLOOD OF A SANDY CREEK
AND THOSE SET FREE AT WOUNDED KNEE
AND NEW LAND ABOVE MOUNTAIN PEAKS

THEY SANG THEIR SONGS OF VICTORY
OF THE VALLEY AND THRU THE PASS
OF THE LAST GREAT STAND OF THE LONG HAIRED MAN
AT THE BATTLE OF THE GREASY GRASS

THEY'D WAVE THEIR ARMS LIKE EAGLES FLY
THEIR SHIRTS ADORNED WITH CROW
AND THE SMOKE WOULD RISE AND FILL THE SKIES
AND THE WINDS WOULD SOFTLY BLOW

AND WHEN THE MOON WOULD HIDE IT'S FACE
AND EAST WOULD SHOW IT'S SUN
THE DRUMS WOULD STOP AND TEARS WOULD DROP
AND THE DANCE OF GHOST WAS DONE


Paragraph 1: Analyze the impact of the literary or artistic work for the minority group and/or American society as a whole.
In this poem, written by Gary Minshall, he is basically saying hoe innocent the Indians were in preforming the Ghost Dance rites. Then, in the last two stanzas he says, "They'd wave their arms like eagles fly/ Their shirts adorned with crow/ And the smoke would rise and fill the skies/ And the winds would softly blow. And when the moon would hide it's face/ And east would show it's sun/ The drums would stop and tears would drop/ And the dance of ghost was done," (Minshaw, The Ghost Dance). In the second-to-last stanza, he is describing the Ghost Dances that they would preform at night around the fires, and in the last stanza, he is basically saying that once morning came on that fateful day, their dances and music stopped, and all of the soldiers killed the tribal members, and the Ghost Dance rites were halted. This poem is one of the many poems written that were inspired by the Massacre at Wounded knee and that had an effect on the victim group.


Paragraph 2: CLOSING-- How did the event impact the debate on the argument?Since the Massacre at Wounded Knee happened, there hasn't been any debate on the argument of Ghost Dance rites. Other members of the Lakota tribe have written accounts but only explain what happened and do not write anything further. After the massacre, the debate of whether the Ghost Dance rites are allowed has halted and has seized to exist.

TASK III: Artistic Expression Element Rubric
An outstanding product will.
•showcase a work that expresses a profound idea about your event and the argument surrounding it Identify the profound idea in the poem. It was written for a reason, to say something about the treatment of Native Americans, not just to relate the events of the massacre.
•be the best example available, not simply the first one you find
•demonstrate your ability to interpret the meaning of the literary or artistic piece Take a closer look and take your paragraph to the interpretive level, do not restate the content of the poem.
•use the extended power paragraph format as a means to express your understanding of the event, argument, and how art literature and art can reveal emotions and ideas Yes, the debate over the Ghost Dance has ended, but the greater argument continues and has not been resolved.
•reference sources accurately
•mechanics are clean and effective

Rubric for the Time Line Page
An outstanding time line entry includes the following:
• Opens by identifying you, the author, and your event with a banner headline (see an example of a banner on the top of this page).
• Under the banner, in the table place two graphics or photos that illustrates an important aspect of the event.
• Thoughtful responses to each prompt are supported by credible sources representing diverse perspectives on the event.
• Each response should be posted in order (follow template instructions), contain few mechanic errors and follow the power paragraph format.
• The credibility of each cited source is established and internal citations accurately match the Works Cited.• TASK I and TASK II each introduce and cite two new sources; TASK III cites one new source.• The Works Cited lists 5 credible sources from the LC databases.